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The global market for printed circuit boards (PCB) is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3% - 4% until 2020, according to Beroe Inc., a procurement intelligence firm. Technological advancements in product types and the expected increase in demand for substrates are expected to be the key support factors for the growth of the global printed circuit boards assembly (PCBA) market.
The APAC region contributes to more than 90% of the global production of PCBs and is expected to be an essential influencing factor for the PCBA market until 2020. Moreover, the presence of major electronics manufacturers in China, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea such as Samsung, Sony, Panasonic, etc., is expected to contribute to the growth of the PCBA market by 2020.
Labor and utility cost accounts for 65% - 80% of the total production cost of PCB, which includes processes such as drilling, plating, finishing, and photo etching. The increasing cost of labor and electricity is a hindrance for the PCB manufacturers, as it might affect their margin and profitability. However, the growth of PCB designs can maximize the utilization and minimize cost. This includes replacement of base materials, which is said to support the development of the global PCB market.
The PCB market is fragmented with the top 10 suppliers accounting for 33% of the global market, and nearly 91% of the global PCB and PCBA production is directed in APAC. With a shift in the manufacturing base of end-use industries to countries such as China, Taiwan, South Korea, etc., there is going to be an additional application of PCBs on a global scale.
Consumers of high volume PCBs have high negotiating power due to the fragmented nature of the market. On the other hand, consumers of low volume PCBs have low to moderate negotiating power due to the criticality and design complication of the PCBAs.
- Verticals such as Business, Retail, Computers, and Telecom Communications collectively hold 60% of the global PCB market and are presumed to maintain the power. This is due to the technological innovations and growing demand for such products in emerging economies.
- China leads the PCB production in the APAC region, accounting for nearly 43% of the global production followed by South Korea with 16%, and Taiwan with 14%.
- Manufacturers of PCBs for high volume products have low to moderate supplier power. Meanwhile, for low volume products, their power would be high due to the design complexity and specifications.
- The growing demand for digitalization in developing and underdeveloped countries is expected to drive the demand for PCBs and PCBAs on the industrial and consumer fronts.
- Regulations with regard to safety and automation are the key growth factors for the demand of PCB in the European automobile industry.
- The research methodology adopted for the report included:
- Experts with twenty years of domain experience
- Interaction with buyers
- Inputs from supply chain partners
The sourcing channels in the PCBA industry differ by the high volume and low volume based applications, where the former is expected to opt for Model I, which encompasses the contract manufacturers in the channel along with inventory maintained by them. Model II is supported by low volume, high critical, high-cost PCBs, which are typically used in industries such as the automobile industry, military, and industrial electronics.